Homeworks for Class 8 - ENGLISH for the autumn 2017


KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA KANJIKODE

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT- I

Class: VIII                                                                                          Time: 2 ½ hrs

Sub: ENGLISH                                                                                Max.Marks: 60

           

The question paper is divided into three sections:

Section A: Reading                                                                                        15 marks

Section B: Writing Skills and Grammar                                                           25 marks

Section C: Literature                                                                                         20 marks

 

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:

1. All questions are compulsory.

2. You may attempt any one section at a time.

 

Section A- Reading

1. Read the following passage carefully:                               (7 marks)

1.     You carry around a three-pound mass of wrinkly material in your head that controls every single thing you will ever do. From enabling you to think, learn, create, and feel emotions to controlling every blink, breath, and heartbeat - this fantastic control centre is your brain. It is a structure so amazing that a famous scientist once called it "the most complex thing we have yet discovered in our universe." 

2.     No computer can come close to your brain's awesome ability to download, process, and react to the flood of information coming from your eyes, ears, and other sensory organs. Your brain generates enough electricity to power a light bulb. Your brain contains about 100 billion microscopic cells called neurons - so many it would take you over 3,000 years to count them all.

3.     Whenever you dream, laugh, think, see, or move, tiny chemical and electrical signals are racing between these neurons along billions of tiny neuron highways. Believe it or not, the activity in your brain never stops. Countless messages zip around inside it every second like a supercharged pinball machine. Your neurons create and send more messages than all the phones in the entire world. Neurons send information to your brain at more than 150 miles per hour.

4.       When you learn, you change the structure of your brain. Riding a bike seems impossible at first. But soon you master it. How? As you practice, your brain sends "bike riding" messages along certain pathways of neurons over and over, forming new connections. In fact, the structure of your brain changes every time you learn, as well as whenever you have a new thought or memory.

5.     Exercise helps make you smarter. It is well known that any exercise that makes your heart beat faster, like running or playing basketball, is great for your body and can even help improve your mood. But scientists have recently learned that for a period of time after you've exercised, your body produces a chemical that makes your brain more receptive to learning. So if you're stuck on homework problem, go out and play a game of soccer, then try the problem again. You just might discover that you're able to solve it.

Based on your reading of the passage, complete the following sentences briefly:                                                                                                  (7 marks)    

a)      The brain is a fantastic control centre because…………..…………………

b)      The brain is awesome than any computer considering its ability to ……………………………………….

c)      Neurons are ……………………………….……………………………..

d)     When we dream, laugh, think, see or move.………………………………….

e)      Neurons send information to the brain at ……………………………………..

f)       ……………………….……changes every time we learn, as well as whenever we have a new thought or memory.

g)      Scientists have recently learned that for a period of time after we have exercised…………………………………………………………

2.  Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:                                                                                                   (8 marks)                                                             

1.Garbage cans are not magical portals. If there are no magic garbage fairies, where does all that trash go? There are four methods of managing waste: recycling, landfilling, composting, and incinerating. Recycling is the process of turning waste into new materials. Recycling can reduce pollution, save materials, and lower energy use. Yet, some argue that collecting, processing, and converting waste uses more energy than it saves.

2. Land filling is the oldest method of managing waste. In its simplest form, landfilling is when people bury garbage in a hole. Garbage is compacted before it is thrown into the hole. In this way more garbage can fit in each landfill. Large liners are placed in the bottom of landfills so that toxic garbage juice doesn't get into the ground water. Sadly, these liners don't always work. Landfills may pollute the local water supply. Not to mention that all of that garbage stinks. Nobody wants to live next to a landfill. This makes it hard to find new locations for landfills.

3. As landfill space increases, interest in composting grows. Compositing is when people pile up organic matter, such as food waste, and allow it to decompose. The product of this decomposition is compost. Compost can be added to the soil to make the soil richer and better for growing crops, but plastic and other inorganic materials must be removed from the compost pile or they will pollute the soil.

4. One thing that is easier to do is burning garbage. There are two main ways to incinerate waste. The first is to create or harvest a fuel from the waste, such as methane gas, and burn the fuel. The second is to burn the waste directly. The heat from the incineration process can boil water, which can power steam generators. Unfortunately, burning garbage pollutes the air. Also, some critics worry that incinerators destroy valuable resources that could be recycled.
5. Usually, the community in which you live manages waste. Once you put your garbage in that can, what happens to it is beyond your control. But you can make choices while it is still in your possession. You can choose to recycle, you can choose to compost, or you can choose to let someone else deal with it. The choice is yours.

2. a. Answer the following questions briefly:                                        (6 marks)

a.       What are the advantages of recycling? What is the argument some people raise against it?  (2)

b.      What are some of the disadvantages of landfilling as a method of waste disposal?  (1)

c.       What is composting? Mention one advantage of composting. (2)

d.      What are two main ways of incinerating waste?   (1)

2. b. Find words from the passage which mean the following:             (2 marks)

     (i)  poisonous (paragraph 2)

     (ii) the state of having, owning or controlling something (paragraph 5)                                                       

 

Section B- Writing & Grammar

3You are Ravi / Raveena, the School Pupil Leader. Write a notice in about 50 words to be put up on the School Notice Board, announcing the details of an Inter-House Essay writing competition on the topic ‘Save Resources, Save Our Planet’ to be conducted in your school in connection with the Energy Conservation drive organized in your school .           (5 marks)                                                           

4. Expand the outline given below into a readable story of 120-150 words:

                                                                                                                                    (8 marks)

cap-seller in town - slept off under  tree - monkeys took caps from his bag - wore them - climbed tree again – cap-seller shocked to see his basket empty - saw monkeys wearing them - found monkeys imitating him - threw his cap down - monkeys did the same - cap-seller collected caps back happily. 

 

5. The following passage has not been edited. There is one error in each line which has been underlined. Write the correction in your answer paper against the correct question number. The first one has been done as an example.              (3marks)

Cycling are a very useful activity.

(a)    It has the number of health benefits. It keeps our

(b)   bodies fit and healthy. It makes our muscle flexible

(c)    and also improve our concentration. It is very

(d)   much helpful in curb pollution and takes us

(e)    closer for nature thereby providing us

(f)    peace andrelax for the mind.

eg:   is

6. Rearrange the following words and phrases to make meaningful sentences:                                                                                                                                                            (3 marks)

(a) waste / public places / see / a/ dumping ground/ that/ become/ have/ we / of

(b) clean / his /  duty of / the /country / every citizen / to keep / it is

(c) must / care / take / of / we / environment/ our

7. Do as directed:                                                                                      (6 marks)

(a) When I ……………… (reach) home from school yesterday, my mother …………….. (leave) for the railway station.

(Fill in the blanks using the correct forms of the verbs given in brackets)

(b) The teacher wrote the answers on the blackboard. (Rewrite the sentence starting with ‘The answers……………….)

(c) Aravind ……..(has to / had to / have to) complete the project yesterday.

(Choose the correct option)

(d) Rekha said, “ I have returned the books to the library.”

(Change the sentence into indirect speech)

(e) The climb to the summit was a test of his …………… (endure)

 (Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets)

(f)The child is severely injured.Please send for the doctor……... (at all/at hand/at once)     

(Choose the correct option)

Section C- Literature

8. Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow:   (3 marks)

“Ah! Then at times I drooping sit,

And spend many an anxious hour”

(a) What does the school boy like to do on a summer morning?

(b)How does he spend time in the school?

(c)What are the two things he compares himself to?

9. Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow:   (3 marks)

I’ve never had to deal with a case such as yours. Frankly, this is quite outside my field of experience. But I have one suggestion. I don’t know if it’ll work, but it’s worth a try. It can do no harm.”

      (a)Identify the speaker and the listener.

(b) What was strange about the case?

(c)    What is the suggestion given?

10. Answer any FIVE of the following questions briefly:             (10 marks)

(a) What does the cricket want to borrow from the ant?

(b) Mention two oppressive policies adopted by the British when they ruled over India.

(c) What did the child hire the man with?

(d) Describe Macavity’s physical appearance.

(e)What are the two different ideas about why so few animals were killed in the tsunami?

(f) Why did Velu find the huts in the city of Chennai strange?

(g) Why did Princess September’s bird refuse to be taken out in a cage?

(h) Why did autumn not give fruits to the Giant’s garden?

 

           

11. Answer any ONE of the following in about 100-120 words: (4 Marks)

A football match is the best way to resolve the conflict between two countries. Substantiate with reference to the lesson ‘The Best Christmas Present in the World’?

                                                            OR

 

What, according to Major. H. P.S. Ahluwalia, are some of the qualities needed for mountain climbing? What is his opinion about internal summits?

                        ………………………………………………………

 

 



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